Intractable Pain, Chronic Pain and Palliative Care:
Intractable Pain: A severe, constant pain that is not curable by any known means and causes adverse biologic effects on the body’s cardiovascular, hormone, and neurological systems causing a bed or house-bound state and early death if not adequately treated.
Treatment Goal: Provide life-long pain relief sufficient to normalize physiologic and mental function and enable the patient to independently carry out activities of daily living to the maximum extent possible.
Chronic Pain: Mild to moderate, irregular, recurrent, and intermittent pain that may not require daily medical treatment.
Treatment Goal: Total independent living and normal mental, social, and physical functions.
Palliative Care: Daily medical treatment of an intractable pain patient who has a shortened life expectancy due to the patient’s disease stage and who requires daily caregiver support to carry out activities of daily living.
Treatment Goal: Provide life-long comfort and relief of suffering in the late stage of life, and enable the patient to independently carry out activities of daily living to whatever extent is possible.